Asked to make split-second decisions about whether black or white male figures in a video game were holding guns, people were more likely to conclude mistakenly that the black men were armed and to shoot them, a series of new studies reports. Researchers have found that the rapid reaction rates needed to win at video games also <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/10/health/psychology/10RACE.html">outs ingrained stereotypes</a>, and are using these tests to show prejudicial behavior among police. In effect, most white people will shoot at a black man that may have a gun than at a white man in the same situation. Researchers argue about what conclusions may be drawn at this point in time, but an interesting point is put forward by Dr. Anthony Greenwald from the University of Washington: "We live in a sea of associations. Lots of people have the automatic race stereotypes, but far fewer people are what we would call prejudiced, if we understand prejudice as intentional discrimination against some group." What, then, is the relationship between 'automatic race stereotypes' and 'intentional discrimination'? Can one excuse shooting an unarmed black man by saying that one has an automatic racial stereotype, and would never intentionally act in a prejudicial way toward that person?