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the cradle of civilization

Discussion in 'Issues Around the World' started by cyrus, Oct 4, 2004.

  1. cyrus

    cyrus egalitarian

    The persian civilization is one of the greatest of mankind and it is certainly among the most influential during our history on this planet. Yet educated westerners hesitate to name the Persians among the great human civilization such as the Greeks, the Romans, the Chinese, or even Indians and Egyptians.

    The unavowed, gravely underestimated weight of the Persian Civilization is due to various facts: unlike the far better known but far less influential Turks and Arabs, the Persians did not directly interact with the people of Europe. Unlike Indians and Chinese they were never colonized or fought in colonial wars. Until the late 20st century they remained a widely unknown mystery to the western world and the last Shahs efforts of making Persia and its vast history and contributions better known in the West were harshly foiled by the advent of radical Political Islam in its Persian form, personalised by Ayatollah Khomeini.

    But now that the Persian people are increasingly invoking and cherishing their distinguished historic role and heritage people in the west are welcome to overcome the biased view fed by all those negative news and images which have come from Iran in the last decades and learn about the true face of the Persian people and their incredible contributions to Civilization and Mankind.


    this list was compiled by the fellow Persian
    Manouchehr Iranpour,
    Vancouver, Canada

    here are some interesting points (the full list can be seen in the link at the bottom):

    Contribution of Persia to the World Civilization

    "Persia" is the Greek name of Pars, a province of modern day
    Iran. Meanwhile, the name Iran (=Land of the Aryans) is derived from
    the Aryan people, who first moved from Central Asia, and settled in
    what is now Iran, some 30,000 years ago. And here are some of the
    most important contributions of the people of Persia or Iran, to the
    world civilization:

    1. The first human civilization - - The Persian
    Civilization (=Eilam); It was ahead of Egypt by 500 years, of India,
    by 1,000 years, and of China, by 2,000 years, of Greece by 3,000
    years, and of Rome, by 4,000 years! According to Professor Arthur A.
    Pope, the famous Orientalist (A.H. Saidian, Iran: Land and the
    People, Tehran 2001 P. 358)
    Professor Pope also believes that the world owes its greatest
    industrial developments, in the early stages, to the Persian
    Civilization! (Ibid).
    Another Orientalist, the French Professor Kalamar of the
    Sorbonne University of Paris believes that: The Persian Civilization
    is the mother of all civilizations! (Ibid).

    2. The first empire in the world, the Persian Empire (from
    the Indus River down to the Danube River in Europe and up to the Nile
    River in Africa;Central Asia, present day Iran, Iraq, Turkey,
    Azirbaijan, Armenia, Palestine, Lebanon, Egypt, Libya, Macedonia,
    Cyprus,Lydia and up to the borders of Greece. It stretched from
    Ethiopia to India, with 127 provinces and 28 different nationalities).
    "The Greeks and Romans later copied the best features of the
    Persian Method of Governing the Empire. (World History, Philip
    Groisser, New York, 1970, p. 17).

    3. Cyrus the Great conquered Babylonia, Assyria, Media and
    India; His son Cambodia (any influence on the Cambodian People?)
    added Egypt later, and for the first and the last time in history,
    all the governments of the known world were ruled under one color!

    4. Insurance by Government was started during Cyrus the
    Great of Persia. (Gardeshgari, Iran, March 2000).

    5. Weight, Money and Measurements were standardized in
    Persia, for the first time, some 2, 500 years ago (Gardeshgari, March
    2000)

    6. Sanskrit, which is the mother of all modern languages,
    was born in Iran, before it went to India (Gardeshgari, Aug. 2001).

    7. The Stone Age, which dates back some 70, 000 years ago,
    was started in Iran, the cradle of the earliest human civilization!
    (Gardeshgari, July 2000).

    8. In Iran today, there are 1.2 million historical sites,
    discovered so far, with some 70,000 historical moulds (Gardeshgari,
    July 2000).

    9. The first accounting tools were found in Iran, belonging
    to 9,000 years ago. (Gardeshgari, March 2000).

    10. The first brick invention took place in Iran.
    (Gardeshgari, Iran, March 2002).

    11. The world's greatest masonry work is Perspolis, Iran.
    (Gardeshgeri, Iran, March, 2000).

    12. The architecture of castles originated in Persia
    thousands of years ago.

    13. Iranian tales/legends are some 20, 000 years old.(Ibid)

    14. According to the Shah-Namah of Ferdausi, the first
    caesarian operation (actually Persian-Birth) was done in Persia, some
    5,000 years ago upon the birth of Rustom from his mother--- Rudabeh.
    (Gardeshgari, Iran, Jan. 2000.

    15. According to the Persian Holy Books--- Avesta, the first
    anesthesia was practiced in Persia 1,000 B.C.

    16. According to Professor Griffith Taylor of Australia, the
    homo sapiens (Caucassians) were originated from the Iranian Plateau,
    also known as the Land of Mahd(the Medes?) and scattered throughout
    the world some 17,000 years ago (15,000 B.C.)Gardeshgari, Iran, Jan.
    2001.
    No wonder, the famous Orientalist, Professor Arthur Pope
    said: "Western world has a vast unpaid debt to the Persian
    civilization!"
    Also Hegel, the great German Philosopher, wrote: The
    beginning of evolution of man starts with the history of Persia
    (Hegel, Philosophy of History p. 174).

    17. Some paintings in Lorestan caves in Persia, that show a
    horse-riding man, are 17,000 years old! (15,000 B.C.) (Gardeshgari,
    Iran, Jan. 2001).

    18. The original homeland of the Chaldeans (Father Abraham?)
    was Susa, Iran. The word Chaldean comes from Khald, which comes from
    Kurd (Kurdish) who were originally Tajiks (Gradeshgari, Iran, Sep.
    2000).

    19. According to the Encyclopedia Britanica, "It may well be
    proved eventually that the human race evolved in Central Asia or
    Iran" (Gardeshgari, Iran, Sep. 2000).

    20. According to the Indian Professor, Mereji Baba Kolka: A
    group of Iranian migrants were settled along the Nile River and
    founded the Egyptian civilization, thousands of years ago!
    (Gardeshgari, Iran, March 2000).

    21. Sumerians were originally Iranians from Kurdestan. So
    were the Chaldeans, Babylonians, Assyrians, Achadians; All of them
    spoke Chaldean, as their original language.
    22. According to Professor Filder Petry : The civilizations
    of Egypt and Mesopotamia are actually branches of the older Culture
    of Eilam (Persia), which dates back to 6-10 thousand years ago!
    (Gardeshgari, Iran, March 2000).

    23. The Turkish People are a result of the mixture of the
    early Iranians, and the Chinese; Semites and Egyptians, Palestinians
    and Arabs, are the mixtures of Iranians and Africans; while the
    Indians are a mixture of Iranians (Brahman) and the native blacks of
    India, Dravidians. (Gardeshgari, March 2000 p. 47).

    24. The history of first people of Persia goes back some
    30,000 years ago (28,000 B.C.) Gardeshgari, Iran, March 2000).

    25. The oldest rock relief in the world is the Bistoon rock
    relief in Persia some 2,500 years old.

    26. The most mammoth ziggurat was constructed in Persia,
    near the historic city of Susa, thousands of years ago.

    27. The biggest thatch construction also took place in
    Kerman, Persia, some 2,000 years ago.

    28. King Darius of Persia wrote the first Human Rights
    Charter, some 2,500 years ago. It is still engraved in the Alvand
    Mountain (Ganj-Nameh), near the ancient Persian Capital of Hagmataneh
    (Present City of Hamadan).
    It was this concept of Human Rights, freedom of
    religion and the equality of all races that lead to the freedom of
    the Jews, from the captivity of Babylon, by Cyrus the Great of Persia
    (539 B.C.).

    29. While all other world powers persecuted and
    discriminated against the Jews (e.g. The Egyptians, Assyrians,
    Babylonians, Romans and later Germans and the Russians etc.) the
    Persians were the only world power who actually liberated and
    protected the Jews (the only monotheistic religion of that time). By
    doing so, the Persians pioneered the freedom of religion and culture
    of the minorities in the world. (While some European conquerors, like
    Alexander the Great, destroyed Persepolis and other areas, or exiled
    their people, the Persian kings supported the local culture and
    religion).

    30. The first World Super-Highway, that connected the East
    and the West, was the Silk Road. It joined China to Europe; and its
    main part was Central Asia (Ancient Persia) with its many Caravans,
    Caravansarais, Bazaars, etc. etc.

    31. The first time that the Navy was used in a Military
    Operation was by the Persian Army some 2,500B.C.
    32. The first time that the ships were used as bridge to
    cross the river, was done by King Darius, who crossed the Nile and
    conquered Egypt.

    33. The first ruler who planned and constructed the Suez
    Canal in Egypt was King Xerxes of Persia (539 B.C.).

    34. The first time that a canal was built to connect two
    seawaters was by King Xerxes of Persia, who built the Xerxes' canal,
    near Greece, and attacked Greece, during the Persian Wars, 500 B.C.
    (International Herald Tribune, Nov. 15, 2001).

    35. One of the earliest Legal Codes in the world is called
    The Law of the Medes and the Persians (the "unchangeable").

    36. The first system of federal government was started in
    the Persian Empire. There were many Ostans (Stan or State, like what
    you see in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Hindu-stan, Uzbeki-stan, Etc.) that
    were run by the satraps or smaller kings (Shah) who were under the
    great king or Shahan-Shah (Kings' King).

    37. The first secret service, called the eyes and the ears
    of the king, was started in Persia.

    38. The first world leader, who was called great, was Cyrus
    the Great of Persia, some 200 years ahead of Alexander the Great!

    39. Darius the Great of Persia established the First Tax
    System, Customs Duties, Official Records and The Legal Code, in the
    world level.

    40. Countries of the world, whose names are originally
    Persian:
    1) Afghanistan, 2) Iran, 3) Kazakhstan, 4) Azirbaijan
    (Fire Temples Land), 5) Turkministan, 6) Qirqizistan, 7)
    Tajikistan 8) Uzbikistan, 9) Pakistan (Land of the Pure), 10)
    Hindustan (also the Khalistan of the Sikhs).

    41. Regions of the world, whose names are originated from
    Persian:
    1) Dagestan (Caucasus), 2) Qara Bagh (Azirbaijan, also
    Afghanistan) 3) Baluchistan (Iran and Pakistan) 4) Rajastan
    (India) 5) Panjab or Punjab (India and Pakistan) 6) Waziristan
    (Pakistan) 7) Turkistan (China) 8) Kurdistan (Iran, Iraq, Turkey,
    Syria and Russia), 9) Bash-Kurtustan (Russia), 10) Hazara
    (Afghanistan, Pakistan) 11) Kafiristan, 12) Noorestan (Afghanistan)
    13)Possibly, the Iranon tribes of the Southern Philippines, the Ire-
    an of Palawan (Pahlawan?) in Southern Philippines, and the Irian Jaya
    of Indonesia, etc.

    42. Capitals of the world, whose names are Persian:
    1.Baghdad (Iraq), combination of Bagh (God, Garden) and Dad
    (justice / giving) A God given Place (Diosdado) or Garden of Justice
    (of King Anush Ravan or Anushirvan of Persia).Actually, Baghdad was
    rebuilt by the Iranian Master Architect, Nou-Bakht, during the
    Abbasid Era (8th century A.D.).
    2.Damascus (City of Musk, capital of Syria, the oldest
    existing city in the world).
    3. Ashq Abad (or Eshqabad) capital of Turkmenistan.
    4. Islamabad capital of Pakistan (Note: Abad in Persian means
    Town, City).
    5. Baku (Baad Kubeh = the Windy City) capital of Azerbaijan.
    6. Doshanbeh, capital of Tajikistan.
    7. Tashkant (or Tashkent) capital of Qirqizistan.
    8. Muscat or Muskat (=Musky, see Webster) the Capital of
    Oman, on the shores of the Persian Gulf.
    9. Samarkant (or Samarqand) Capital of Uzbekistan.
    10. Bandar Sri Begawan (Brunei).
    11. Iravan (Yerevan) capital of Armenia
    (Armanestan).
    12. Astana, Capital of Kazakhstan.
    13. Moscow or Musk_va (City of Musk, from Moschi
    or Moschos=Persian word for musk).

    43. Historical cities whose names are Persian:
    1) Bukhara, 2) Samarkand 3) Khawrazm (Khiveh) in Central
    Asia, 4) Allahabad, 5) Ahmed Abad, 6) Heydar Abad, 7) Faiz
    Abad, 8) Jamshid Pour, 9) Mahmood Abad, 10) Shah Abad etc.
    (India) 11) Faisal Abad , 12) Heydar Abad, 13) Ghazi Abad,14)
    Khorram, 15) Chaman, 16)Islamabad, etc. (Pakistan) 17) Rajshahi 18)
    Cox Bazaar, (Bangladesh) 19) Mozaffar Abad (Pakistani Kashmir) 20)
    Kufah or Kuppah (Hillside) Iraq 21) Salman Pak (Pure) Iraq, 22)
    Ctesiphon (Iraq), 23) Halabcha (Iraq) 24) Khorsabad (Iraq) 25)
    Nippur (Iraq) 26) Khanaqin (Iraq) 27) Khan Azad (Iraq) 28) Diwaniyyah,
    (Iraq) 29) Bandar Sri Begawan (Brunei) (Note: Bandar in Persian
    means port city like Bandar Abbas) 30) Banda Aceh (Indonesia) 31)
    Shirwan (Caucasia) 32) Nakhjavan (Armenia) 33)Mozdok
    (=Mazdak,Caucasia) 34) Astarkhan (Russia)etc.

    44. Famous Persian Queens/Princesses in History:
    1) Queen Vashti of King Xerxes ( see the Bible) 2) Queen
    Esther, a Jewish girl, born in Persia, who became the Queen of
    Persian King Xerxes (see Old Testament, Book of Esther Note: Esther's
    tomb is in Hamadan Iran today) 3) Queen Cleopatra of Egypt (Part
    Greek, Part Persian) 4) Queen Mumtaz Mahal (of Taj Mahal ) the Queen
    of the Mogul Emperor of India, 5) Princess Shahr Banu of the Sasan
    Dynasty, the daughter-in-law of Prophet Mohammad (wife of Imam
    Hosain) 6) Madam Maragel, one of the wives of Emperor Harun Rashid,
    the Abbasid Khalif (she was the mother of Mamoon, the most
    intellectual Khalifah in the history of Islamic civilization, who
    translated and transferred all Greek philosophy and science books
    into Arabic language), 7) Puran-Dokht, the First Lady of Khaliffah
    Ma'moon, 8) Princesses in several Arab states of the Persian Gulf,
    including the mother of Shaikh Makhtum of the United Arab Emirates,
    9) Nusrat Bhutto, the First Lady of Pakistan (1971-1978) wife of
    Pakistani Prime Minister, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. 10) Jihan Sadat, the
    First Lady of Egypt (1970-1982), wife of President Anwar Sadat of
    Egypt, etc.

    45. In the Field of Fashion: Almost all the clothing and
    dresses of the Mogul Darbar in the Indian subcontinent (Including
    Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc) are Persian in origin; that includes the
    world famous Nehru Tunic or Shirwani, the Jinah Cap (made of lamb
    skin), the Shalvar Qamis, the Indian Turban, the Parsi Gara (Persian
    Style Embroidery in India), and a variety of shoes and other
    accessories, including the well known Sukarno cap in Indonesia,
    Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, etc.

    46. According to Professor Noel Malcon: Necktie (or cravat
    in European languages) came from the Croats (of Balkans) a branch of
    Iranian people who migrated from Persia, some 2000 years ago! Even
    the Serbs are originally from Persia.
    (Ref. Malcolm, Noel: Bosnia, A Short History, Mc. Millan,
    London 1996). Also: CNN World Report, November 16, 2003.

    47. In Jewelries: Almost all the famous jewelries of the
    Moguls of India (including those of Taj Mahal) were designed by
    Persian master designers. The well-known Kooh-i Noor is a Persian
    name, which means the mountain of light.
    Incidentally, the word Jawaher (as in Jawaher Lal-Nehru)
    comes from the Persian word Gauhar (=Gem/Precious stone). Also the
    word La'l is another Persian word, meaning Ruby.


    48. In Linguistic Influences:
    1. For 700 years, Persian was the official language of the
    Moguls of Indian subcontinent (including Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc).
    Practically, every Mogul miniature contains not only the
    Persian arts and drawings, but also Persian poetry in Farsi Alphabet
    (a mixture of Persian and Arabic letters) in them.
    2. Urdu language: the official language of Pakistan (and
    India) is a result of Marriage between Persian-Arabic (which came
    through Persia) and the Sanskrit. It is now spoken by some 800
    million people around the world. ( Even Sanskrit itself was born in
    Persia, before it reached India, some 7,000 years ago!). Gardeshgari,
    August 2001.
    3. Persian literature of the Indian subcontinent, with great
    writers and poets, the jewel of them being, the late Dr. Mohammad
    Iqbal,the National Poet of Pakistan (and India).
    4. The names and surnames of almost all the people in
    Armenia (Armanestan) and the Armenians around the world, is totally
    or partially influenced by Persian language and culture. (Examples:
    Melekian, Saturian, Haturian, etc. etc.).

    49. The first animal domesticated by man was goat, and it
    was done in Persia (Manila Bulletin, February 20,2001). Also the so-
    called Arabian Horse (originally Persian) See BBC Worlds' Simpson
    Report.(Note: In Arabic Language, horse is called Al-Faras, and
    Persia is called Al-Fars; while the Persian is called Al-Farsi!).
    Other animals, which were also first domesticated in Persia, are
    Sheep, Cow, and Camel.

    50. The first people who used fish as food were the people
    around the Persian Gulf, (Philippine Daily Inquirer, 1998).
    51. Nargileh/Hookeah or Shishah, the most famous pastime
    smoking pipe in the Ottoman Empire, and the rest of Asia and the
    Middle East, was invented in Persia (The Webster Dictionary).

    52. The first time in the world that pearl was discovered
    and harvested (Some 5,000 years ago) was in the Persian Gulf state of
    Bahrain (which was part of the greater Persia, before the British
    colonization in the 19th century) CNN 2002.

    53. Noodles were first invented in Persia.(Expat. Weekly,
    Manila 1996)

    54. King Feraidun of Persia discovered winemaking method,
    some 3,000 year B.C.

    55. Punch (the mixture of five beverages) although was
    popularized in British-India, is actually a Persian concoction. Panj
    in Persian means five, the number of the mixtures. (Philippine
    Daily Inquirer (Trivia) Feb. 2000)
    Also the word Punjab (or Panjab = Five waters/rivers,
    in India and Pakistan) and Panjacila (Five Principles) of Sukarno in
    Indonesia, etc.

    56. A Persian Alchemist, called Zacharia Alrazi discovered
    the Industrial Alcohol.(Al Razi is known in the west as Rhazes).

    57. The first Beer-making techniques were discovered in
    Medeo-Persia, some 5-6, 000 years ago. (On the
    Net://www.udli./ucla.edu/).
    The legend says that beer was first brewed by
    Ninkasi, some 3,500B.C. (For details, see the cult of Ninkasi).
    *Manila Bulletin,August 30, 2002.

    58. Various musical instruments, including setar (cithara or
    cittern) and probably even guitar, Tamboor (Tambourine,) and Santour
    (Dulcimer). Other musical instruments are Tar (six-stringed, while
    Setar is four-stringed) and Ud, from which the medieval European lute
    developed; as well as Ney or Flute. (Iran Today, MFA, Tehran, 1976,
    p. 122). Iranian Music has even influenced the Flamenco tradition of
    Spain. (Iran Today p.122).

    59. The first people, who started the "Birthday"
    celebration, where the Persian nobility and the royalty (So, "Happy
    Birthday" could originally be a Persian song?)

    60. The first time that cake was used in a birthday party was
    by King Darius of Persia when he conquered Egypt. (500 B.C.)
    Philippine Daily Inquirer 1999.

    61. Polo game was invented in Persia, some 500 years B.C.
    (Philippine Daily Inquirer 1998).

    62. Wrestling, both as an art of war and sports, originated
    in Persia.

    63. Poker was also invented in Persia some 3,000 years ago.
    It was called Aas. (The Philippine Daily Inquirer (Trivia) June 18,
    2000.)

    64. Chess, although originated in India, but was perfected
    and passed on to the West, through Persia, in 10th century; thus the
    words Chess (from Shah or King) Shakhmat (Shahmat) Rookh (rokh, or
    Chariot) etc.

    65. The world's first known money appeared in Persia, 800 B.C.
    (Philippine Daily Inquirer,April 27,2002)

    66. The words Paradise, Star, Bazaar, Caravan, Bank, Check,
    Roxan, Rose, Jasmine, Parthian-Shots, (=Parting Shots), Sugar
    (Shakar), Paw (Paa) Cow (Gau), Name (Naam); Nan (Bread) Nah (No),
    Bad, Behtar (Better), Mushk (Musk) Pajamas, Orange, Dervish, Khaki,
    Sepoy (Sepahy), Istana (Astana), Diwan/Divan, Pashmina (the Cashmere)
    Kooh-e- Noor (Mountain of Light), Pasha, Pesh Marga, Jungle, Magi,
    Magic, Magician, Mummy (Moumi) Sherryvalies (Shalvar), Kaftan
    (Caftan), Taffeta, Shawl, Shahtoosh, Sherpa, Bang,Band,Spinach,
    Saffron, Lemon, Woe! (Waa/Waay!), Gyn (Zan=Woman) Bakh-shish, Penta
    (Panj=five), Thou (Toh), Me (Man), Am (-am), Eyebrow (Abru), Lips
    (Lab), Pharao (=Far-zand or son of Ra/Mithra, the Sun-god of Persia
    and later, Egypt) Buss (Buseh), Officer (Afsar/Afsara), Mouse
    (Moush), Ouch (Aaakh), Aura (Ahura), Aurora, Murra, Ricksha (Rakh'sh)
    as well as Pope (Papa/Baba), Pedar (Father) Madar (Mother) Nana
    (Nanny=Mother), Baradar (Brother) Brethren, Dokhtar (Daughter), etc.
    (almost 300 words in the English language)

    67. The world's first public postal system was invented in
    the Persian Empire some 3,000 years ago.

    68. Cuneiform, the earliest form of writing in the world. The
    cuneiform (wedge-shaped) was invented in what is known in History as
    the Medeo-Persia, some 5-600 years ago.

    69. The earliest known written documents, clay tablets,
    inscribed more than 4,000 years ago, were found in the Medeo- Persian
    region. These cuneiform texts include the earliest known creation
    myths, legal codes, medical prescriptions and recipes--- Ledgers,
    deeds, receipts --- and the list of everything, from the types of
    bird, to the musical instruments and the woods used to make them.
    (The Philippine Star, May 24, 2002).

    70. The first calendar, composed of a year with 354 days, was
    invented in Medeo-Persia, 2000 B.C. (*Philippine Daily Inquirer April
    27, 2002) And during the Islamic era, another new Calendar, but this
    time the most accurate calendar ever devised, in the whole history of
    mankind, came into being --- the Jalali Solar Calendar by the Persian
    mathematician and poet par excellence, the Great Omar Khayyam.
    Omar Khayyam's Persian solar calendar is even more
    accurate than its Western Gregorian counterpart. (The Persian
    calendar has an error of only one day in every 5,000 years, as
    opposed to one in every 3,500 years for the Gregorian calendar). See
    Iran Today, MFA, Tehran, 1976 p. 130.

    71. The latest archeological excavations show that, glass was
    first produced in the Asia-Minor region, some 4, 000 years ago. (Echo
    of Islam Magazine, Tehran, Iran. Aug. 1986).

    72. The Art of Miniature was originated in Persia, by Maani
    (founder of Manichaeism) some 2,600 years ago, and reached China,
    later, (Gardeshgari, Iran, Sep. 2002)

    73. The first operation on human skull in the world, took
    place in Persia, some 5,000 years ago! (Gardeshgari, Iran, Sep. 2002)

    74. The origins of all the Indo-European languages, including
    Indian, German, English, Greek, Spanish, French and many other
    European languages today, are Iranian. (Gardeshgari, Iran, Sep. 2002)
    So, it should be called Irano-European, not Indo-European!

    75. Did you know where the Saxons (of Saxony - - Germany and
    the Anglo-Saxons of Britain) came from? Well, the British
    Orientalist, Sir Percy Sykes, himself a Saxon, went around the world
    to look for their origin. He found out that the Saxons originated
    from the Central Iranian Plateau, which was called Sakstan (Present
    day Sistan- Baluchistan!) Gardeshgari, Iran, Sept. 2002. (How about
    the Saxan or Sassan Dynasty of Persia?).

    76. The Iranian Capital of Tehran with 3,200 years of history
    has much greater historical treasures to offer to humanity than the
    entire country of Greece! (Gardeshgari, Iran, Sep. 2002)

    77. Domes of the Byzantine Churches and Palaces were an
    adaptation from the Persian Architecture (Gardegari, Iran, Aug. 2000)

    78. The world famous Holland Windmill is originally Persian,
    and the Dutch know about it! (Gardeshgari, Iran, Aug. 2001).

    79. The Sumerians and Egyptians were the early migrants who
    came from the Iranian Plateau, thousands of years ago! (Gardeshagri,
    Iran, Sep. 2002).

    80. The Sumerian Seamen (probably) discovered America, many
    centuries before Christopher Columbus. (Gardeshgari, Iran, Aug.
    2001)

    81. Archery of which the world famous Parthian Shots (or
    Parting Shots) is a good proof, originated in Persia.

    82. Persian carpet, walnuts, hazelnuts, Pistachio nuts,
    pilau, kebab, beryani, shawarma, naan (bread) yoghurt, spinach,
    saffron (the world's most precious spice), rice, grapes, lemon,
    tulip, rose and perfume-were all originated in Persia.

    83. Vertical windmill was invented in Persia, in 9th century,
    A.D. (Ancient Inventions p. 398). Also the hand operated mills.

    84. Trousers called Shalwar, were invented by the Persians
    (while the Greek and the Romans preferred skirts).
    Also the world famous shawl and many other innovations
    in clothing and shoe making, including a variety of hats and caps,
    etc. The word pajama in English comes from the Persian words Paa
    (leg) and Jameh (clothes).

    85. The wheel was first invented in the cradle of
    civilization, the area that is known in History as Medeo-Persia, some
    5,000 years ago. (*Philippine Daily Inquirer, April 27, 2002) See
    Persian wheel (Webster Dictionary).

    86. Chariots of war were invented during Cyrus the Great of
    Persia (559-529 B.C.)

    87. Cross, as an instrument of punishment for the criminals
    was first invented by the Persians, and it was
    adopted by the Romans, some 2,300 years ago.(Philippine Daily
    Inquirer 1997) Also Swastika, etc.

    88. Condom comes from the Persian word kandu or kondu, a
    long vessel made from the intestines of the animals and used for
    storing corn. Even today kondu (or kendu) is used in Persian language
    for the beehives as well as small clay storage for grains or food.
    (Condominium also?). Well, in Western Iran, there is a town called
    Kanduan [plural of kandu]. In that town, all the houses are dug in
    the mountain, on top of each other--a natural condominium).

    89. Qanat or kanat, the underground water supply systems
    that are stretched several miles, were also invented in Persia.

    90. Silo for grains preservation, some 1300 B.C. (Ettelaat,
    Iran Daily, 2001).

    91. Baad-gir or Wind Shaft, the earliest form of modern air-
    conditioners,which was built on top of the roof in order to catch the
    fresh air and transfer it inside the building.

    92. Aub-Anbar, the underground water reservoir that kept
    water cool and safe, for the community (Take note of the word Aub,
    the Persian word for water and its relation to Eu de Cologne, water
    of cologne; also the ending of the words like Mindan-ao, Dav-ao, Lan-
    ao,Mara-nao, Maguin-danao, Tugigar-ao, Suri-gao, Dan-ao (even Tamar-
    ao, Carab-ao?) as well as Aub-dast -- Filipino and Chinese Muslims'
    ablution with water, or Panj-ab, in India and Pakistan. etc.).

    93. The first man who used an Airplane, to fly, was a
    legendary Persian King, by the name of Keykaus. He tied 4 big birds
    to his coach and placed some baits in a distance, dangling in front
    of the birds to catch. (And thus for him to fly!).

    94. The oldest combination lock, (with secret numbers) was
    made some 800 years ago in Persia (Professor Arthur Pope, History of
    Persian Civilization. c/o Ettelaat Daily, Tehran, Iran, January 25,
    2003).

    95. Embroidery was first invented by the Scythian people (a
    branch of Persians) Ref. Webster Dictionary & CNN 2003.

    96. The first travelers Inns called caravansaray (Inns of
    caravan) some of which still exist along the Silk Road, were built in
    Persia.

    97. The largest mud-brick structure is the citadel of Bam, in
    Kerman Province of Iran. It is 2,000 years old!

    98. Parasol (Decorative Umbrella), used as an honor, over
    the heads of the kings and the dignitaries, was invented in Persia,
    too.

    99. Crown or Taj (See Taj Mahal)- the bejeweled headpiece
    for the King or the Queen, was first used in Persia.

    100. The art of tile-work was invented and perfected in
    Persia, many centuries ago. It was copied by others, but was never
    equaled in its elegance and beauty.

    101. Persian Blinds (or Persiana in Spanish and other
    European Languages) is the origin of what is known today as the
    Venetian Blinds (Webster Dictionary).

    102. Blue Jars. The blue jars with floral designs (just
    like the Blue Domes) are also a Persian invention. The Chinese
    adopted these blue jars, after Genghis Khan invaded Persia in 13th
    century A.D.

    103. Chewing gum (called saqqez) as well as a variety of
    other gums, including the well-known mummy or moumi (Webster
    Dictionary).

    104. There are many other ancient inventions that are
    originated in the greater Persia. Some of them are as follows:
    1) Needle 2) Weaving (like Taffeta, Shawl, etc.) 3) Roads/Hi-
    ways 4) Chain mail (for body defense) 5) Spoons and Forks 6) Boots 7)
    Gloves 8) Soap 9) Shampoo, 10) Perfume 11) Protocols and Etiquette
    12) Turkish Bath 13) Dagger, hammer, axes 14) Military Marches,
    15) Catapult, 16) Puppet Show 17) Tradition of syndication (for
    farmers, workers, professionals) 18) Dams 19) Sickle 20) Jars and
    Pots of clay 21) Brick making 22) Metals 23) Seals (Origin of
    printing?) 24) Wheel (Persian wheel) 25) Coins 26) Oil 27)
    Compass 28) Animal skin for writing 29) Measurement 30) Lighthouse
    31) World map 32) Basic Human Flight 33) Military Fire Power 34)
    Alphabet 35) Early Electrical devices 36) Fast Reporting system
    (Like mores code, using mirror and sun) etc. (for more details see
    Iran: Land and the People, by Mr. A.H. Saidian, Tehran, 2001)


    105. King Cambyses II, of Persia, was the first person that
    examined the dead bodies of the mummies of Egypt, after conquering
    the Egyptian City of Memphis, in 600 B.C. (Philippine Daily Inquirer
    (Trivia)June 15,2000.)

    106. Also, the first people who fought against the
    superstitious beliefs of the Egyptians (e.g. cats, bulls, crocodiles
    worshipped as gods) were the Persians. King Cambyses II threw many
    cats over the walls of Memphis City, and the Egyptians who believed
    in cats as gods, were so scared that they surrendered the city,
    without a fight (Philippine Daily Inquirer,Trivia ,2001).

    107. The first person that gazed into a crystal ball (to see
    the world events, just like a TV or a satellite) was King Jamshid of
    Persia (see Jam-e Jamshid).

    108. Persians were also pioneers in Astronomy, as Bible
    states that the Magies saw the birth of Jesus Christ in the stars.
    (see Mathew, Chapter II).

    109. The belief that Number 13 is an unlucky one, was started
    in Persia, some 5,000 years ago. Even today, all Persians (the
    Kurdish, the Baluchis, the Central Asians, etc.) leave their homes
    every 13th day of the New Year (March 21) and they go out in the
    fields, so as to avoid the bad luck of the 13th day of the New Year.

    110. Incidentally, the Phenomenon of the New Year itself is a
    Persian Tradition, where the Natural New Year (first day of the
    Spring, not middle of the winter!) is celebrated on March 21, every
    year. (CNN,January 01, 2003).

    111. The Persian Businessmen Mr. Hosain Qermezian and his
    brothers, in Canada, introduced the first Mega Mall in the West,
    during the 40s and the 50s. In that Mega Mall (which was probably
    inspired by the Persian Bazaar or Timcheh) everything, from a needle
    up to the latest car, is available under one roof!

    112. The world's most glamorous building-cum-mausoleum, (one
    of the Seven Wonders of the World) the Taj Mahal in India (also the
    Shish Mahal or Mirror Palace in Pakistan) was designed by a Persian
    Master Architect, Ustad Eisa Shirazi and his son Mohammad Shirazi, in
    1631 A.D. (Village Voice, Manila, Feb.2002. Also the world's most
    glamorous and the best loved Queen was a Persian Lady,Arjumand Banu
    or Mumtaz Mahal, whose Mausoleum is also the best ever; -- The Taj
    Mahal. In the words of the English poet, Sir Edwin Arnold: "Not a
    piece of Architecture as other buildings are, but a proud passion of
    an Emperor's love wrought in living stones." (Village Voice, Manila
    Feb.2002).

    113. The world's most educated (100% highly educated)
    Community is that of the Parsis (the Persian Zoroastrians) who live
    mostly in Iran, India, Pakistan and England. They are also one of the
    most financially successful communities in the world. (They
    established the first Cancer Hospital, and many other educational and
    Social Centers, including some of the oldest and biggest libraries in
    India - -see International Herald Tribune, April 24, 2003).
    Incidentally, the most well known poet of the Gujrati language in
    India is a Parsee by the name of Khabar-Dar.

    114. The world's most expensive residence belongs to a
    Persian by a name of Dr. Nasser Khalili, who lives in England. His
    classical English Mansion is worth over $240 Million (Manila
    Bulletin, June, 12, 200).

    115. For further details on Persian Culture, see Webster
    Dictionary for terms such as: Persiana, Persian ammoniac, Persian
    apple, Persian berry, Persian blue, Persian buttercup, Persian cat,
    Persian clover, Persian daisy, Persian date, Persian deer, Persian
    earth, Persian green, Persian iris, Persian lamb, Persian lawn,
    Persian lilac, Persian melon, Persian nightingale, Persian rose,
    Persian wheel, etc.

    116. In the fields of Religion and Philosophy: The oldest
    living religion in the world, is Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion
    of Persia, (Philippine Star, Jan. 26, 2002).

    117. The first divinely revealed religion, which still
    exists today is Zoroastrianism. No other religion has influenced
    other world Religions like Zoroastrianism. It has influenced Judaism,
    Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, (Mahayana), Manicheanism and the Pagan
    European Cults. Over half of the world has virtually accepted a
    significant portion of Zoroastrian teachings. Many Christian
    traditions as well as some of its Philosophy are actually the
    adaptations from the Zoroasterianism and Mithraism, the Persian
    Religion of Sun god worshipping. Here are some examples:

    1. The Christmas is, in reality, the Birthday of Mithra the
    Sun-god (Not the Son of God!) which was born on December 25, after
    the Saturnalia Festivals).
    2. Virgin Mary (mother of Baby-god Jesus) resembles
    Anahita, the Persian goddess, The Mother of
    gods!
    3. Sunday (the Christians Holiday) is actually dedicated
    to Sun-god or Mithra, the Persian god.
    4. Songs and praises in the churches.
    5. Bread and wine tradition.
    6. The white ropes of the priests.
    7. Celibacy of the Priests and Nuns
    8. Cross, Swastika, etc.
    9. The symbol of Smiling Sun (Mithra) on some Christian
    flags (like that of Argentina) etc.
    (Note: Even the Egyptians adopted the Persian Sun-god - -
    Mithra, as their highest deity, and called him "Ra" (Probably short
    for Mithra). In fact, Pharaoh [The title of the Kings of Egypt] means
    The Son of Ra!). Is it possible that Ray in English has also
    something to do with Ra or Mithra? How about Rex (king) in Latin, Rey
    (king in Spanish), etc?

    Aside from Zoroastrianism, the other religious and
    philosophical movements of Persia, include Mithraism (the Sun god),
    which was also adopted by the Romans; Manicheanism, which was later
    on adopted by the Christians in North Africa, and probably the first
    communist movement called Mazdakism (500 A.D.) Later on Sufism,
    Carmathism, Ismaili (Agha Khani), Babism, Bahaism, Akhbarism,
    Kasravism, etc., etc.


    118. According to some scholars, the most important person in
    the recorded history of religion, is the Persian Prophet - -
    Zoroaster. (Check Internet, Persian Culture, also Mithraism,
    etc).

    ...

    the rest is here:

    http://www.payk.net/mailingLists/iran-news/html/current/msg03010.html
     
  2. cyrus

    cyrus egalitarian

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    Sassanid Empire (3rd to 7th century AD)

    [​IMG]
     
  3. cyrus

    cyrus egalitarian

    I have added an introduction to the original text now which contains a personal (debatable, lol) thesis. Please take a minute and read it.
     
  4. ethics

    ethics Pomp-Dumpster Staff Member

    I'd be curious to know who these westerners are? Clearly, any historian or their student would not make such an amateur mistake as not mention the Persian empire.
     
  5. Sierra Mike

    Sierra Mike The Dude Abides Staff Member

    Londoners, apparently.

    SM
     
  6. SixofNine

    SixofNine Jedi Sage Staff Member

    I'm confident that many of here understand why a Persian reminding us of the ancient Persian empire would call himself "Cyrus," even before reading your post. :)

    Brian
     
  7. cyrus

    cyrus egalitarian


    well the reason is maybe simpler than one might have thought. cyrus is my middle name.
     
  8. cyrus

    cyrus egalitarian

    well apparently even with hindsight i find my efforts justifiable. one of my lecturers just did this today. lecturing about the evolution of property and of state law enforcing property he spoke about almost all ancient civilizations and praised their contributions and their role in the development of law but failed even to slightly mention the persians eventhough the persian empire was the first to establish a uniform code of civil law over a variety of different lands and nations under its rule.
     
  9. Coot

    Coot Passed Away January 7, 2010

    Cyrus, is that your site? I've seen it linked to before by a couple of the anti-mullah resistance movements here in the U.S.
     

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