Busy afternoon... http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/stories/2003010504810100.htm More than four-and-a-half years after declaring itself a nuclear weapon power, India today made public a set of political principles and administrative arrangements to manage its arsenal of atomic weapons. Maximum restraint in the use of nuclear weapons, absolute political control over decision-making and an effective interface between civilian and military leaders in the management of its atomic quiver are at the heart of an announcement by the Government after a meeting of the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS). The CCS met today to review progress in implementing India's nuclear doctrine, the state of readiness of its strategic forces and the procedures for their command and control. The significance of the CCS statement lies in the Government's decision to share information on some key aspects of its nuclear weapons management with the Indian public and the world. Although the broad outline of India's nuclear doctrine was known for a while, the nature of its command and control over the atomic arsenal had remained unclear. The Government filled that gap today by revealing that a two-layered structure, called the Nuclear Command Authority (NCA), was responsible for the management of its weapons. The NCA comprised a Political Council and an Executive Council. The Political Council was chaired by the Prime Minister and "is the sole body which can authorise the use of nuclear weapons", the CCS said. The Executive Council, chaired by the National Security Adviser to the Prime Minister, "provides inputs for decision making by the NCA and executes the directives given to it by the Political Council".